Terminology for Gastrointestinal System

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u v w 
a
abdominal clamping腹部痙攣
abdominal irrigation腹腔内洗浄
abdominal pain (pain of abdomen)腹痛
abdominal paracentesis腹腔穿刺
abdominal trauma腹部外傷
aberrant bile duct <=Luschka duct>迷入胆管〈=Luschka管〉
abnormal contraction異常収縮
abscess膿瘍
absorption吸収
accessory pancreatic duct副膵管
acinar cell腺房細胞
acoustic shadow音響陰影
acute abdomen急性腹症
acute appendicitis急性虫垂炎
acute cholangitis (cholangitis acuta)急性胆管炎
acute cholecystitis (cholecystitis acuta)急性胆嚢炎
acute diarrhea急性下痢
acute duodenitis急性十二指腸炎
acute gastric dilatation急性胃拡張
acute hepatic insufficiency急性肝不全
acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis (AOSC)急性閉塞性化膿性胆管炎
acute perforation of the duodenum急性十二指腸穿孔
acute pyogenic cholangitis (acute suppurative cholangitis, cholangitis lenta acuta)急性化膿性胆管炎
acute secondary diffuse suppurative peritonitis急性汎発性腹膜炎
adenocarcinoma腺癌
adenoma-carcinoma sequence腺腫-癌連鎖〈連続性、相関、腺腫の癌化〉
adenomatous polyps腺腫性ポリープ
adenomyomatosisアデノミオマトーシス〈胆嚢腺筋症〉
adhesion癒着
adjuvant chemotherapy補助化学療法
amoebic liver abscessアメーバ性肝膿瘍
anaerobic bacteria嫌気性菌
anal sphincter (sphincter of anus)肛門括約筋
anterior wall前壁
anticancer agent抗癌(腫瘍)剤
anticoagulant抗凝固剤
antidiarrheal agent止痢剤
anus肛門
appendicitis虫垂炎
appendix虫垂
ascites (peritoneal fluid)腹水
atresia of bile duct (biliary atresia)胆道閉鎖
atrophic gallbladder (contracted gallbladder, shrunken gallbladder)萎縮胆嚢
atrophic gastritis萎縮性胃炎
autodigestion自己消化
autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) [type I, type II]自己免疫性肝炎[I型、II型]
azygos system奇静脈系
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b
balloon dilatationバルーン拡張術
balloon occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO)バルーン下逆行性経静脈的塞栓術
barium enema注腸造影
Barrett ulcerバレット潰瘍
bile acid胆汁酸
bile duct胆管
bile pigment胆汁色素
biliary carcinoma胆道癌
biliary colic胆石仙痛
biliary liver cirrhosis胆汁性肝硬変
biliary tract胆道
bilirubinビリルビン
board-like abdomen板状硬
bougienageブジー拡張術
bowel movement便通
bowel preparation腸管洗浄
brushing cytology擦過細胞診
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c
cancer of stomach (stomach cancer)胃癌
carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9CA 19-9
carcinoma in adenoma腺腫内癌
carcinoma of pancreas (pancreatic carcinoma, cancer of pancreas, pancreatic cancer)膵癌
carcinomatous peritonitis癌性腹膜炎
cardia噴門
cavernous hemangioma海綿状血管腫
cecum盲腸
cephalic plexus of pancreatic head (PL ph)膵頭神経叢
cholangiocarcinoma (cholangiocellular carcinoma)肝内胆管癌(胆管細胞癌)
cholangitis胆管炎
cholecystectomy胆嚢摘出術(胆嚢摘除術)
cholecystitis胆嚢炎
cholecystolithiasis, gallbladder stone胆嚢結石
choledocho (duodeno-, jejuno-) stomy総胆管(十二指腸、空腸)吻合術
choledocholithiasis (common bile duct stone)総胆管結石[症]
choledocholithotomy総胆管切石[術]
cholelithiasis胆石症
choleresis催胆(利胆)
choleretica催胆剤
cholestasis胆汁うっ滞
chronic cholangitis (cholangitis chronica)慢性胆管炎
chronic hepatitis慢性肝炎
circular muscle輪状筋
cirrhosis肝硬変[症]
classification of gastric cancer胃癌の分類
clonorchis sinensis (liver flukes)肝吸虫症、肝ジストマ症
clubbed fingers太鼓ばち指
cobblestone appearance敷石像
colectomy結腸切除術
colicky pain (colic)疝痛
collateral vein側副血行路
colon結腸
colon cancer大腸癌
colonoscope大腸鏡
colonoscopy大腸鏡検査
colorectal cancer結腸直腸癌
common bile duct (ductus choledochus, ductus choledochus, choledochus)総胆管
confluence gallstone合流部結石(胆石)
congenital dilatation of bile duct (congenital choledochal cyst)先天性胆管拡張症
constipation便秘
contrast agent (contrast medium, contrast material)造影剤
cystic duct syndrome (remnant cystic duct syndrome)遺残胆嚢管症候群
cytologic examination of ascitic fluid腹水細胞診
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d
decompensated liver cirrhosis非代償性肝硬変
defecation排便
definitive diagnosis確定診断
deglutitive relaxation嚥下性弛緩
detoxication解毒
diabetes mellitus糖尿病
diaphragm横隔膜
diaphragmatic hernia横隔膜ヘルニア
diarrhea下痢
diet therapy食事療法
digestion消化
digestive juices消化液
digestive tract消化管
digital examination直腸指診
disseminated intravascular coagulation播種性血管内凝固症候群
disseminated metastasis of the peritoneum腹膜播種性転移
distal gastrectomy幽門側胃切除術
distal pancreatectomy尾側膵切除術
distention of stomach胃拡張
diverticula of duodenum十二指腸の憩室
diverticulitis憩室炎
diverticulosis憩室症
diverticulum (pl. -la)憩室
double contrast examination二重造影法
drainage排液[法]、排膿[法]、ドレナージ
drip infusion cholangiography (DIC) (drip infusion cholecysto-cholangiography (DIC), dripping intravenous cholangiography (DIC), drip infusion cholecystography (DIC))点滴静注胆道造影[法]
drug-induced hepatic injury薬物[起因]性肝障害
dull pain鈍痛
duodenal bulb十二指腸球部
duodenal papilla (papilla of duodenum)十二指腸乳頭
duodenal ulcer (ulcer of duodenum)十二指腸潰瘍
duodenum十二指腸
duplication of the intestine腸重複
dysentery (shigellosis)赤痢
dysphagia嚥下障害
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e
ectopic pancreas (heterotopic pancreas)異所性膵
edema浮腫
emaciationるいそう
emptying of stomach胃排出能
endocrine gland内分泌腺
endometriosis子宮内膜症
endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)内視鏡的粘膜切除術
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)内視鏡的逆行性胆道膵管造影[法]
endoscopic sclerotherapy (endoscopic injection sclerotherapy)内視鏡的硬化療法
endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST)内視鏡的乳頭括約筋切開術
endoscopic ultrasonography超音波内視鏡
endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL)内視鏡的静脈瘤結紮術
enteral nutrition経腸栄養
enterohepatic circulation腸肝循環
enzyme secretion酵素分泌
Escherichia coli大腸菌
esophageal atresia (atresia of esophagus)食道閉鎖症
esophageal cancer (cancer of esophagus)食道癌
esophageal injury食道損傷
esophageal perforation食道穿孔
esophageal varices食道静脈瘤
esophagitis食道炎
esophagography食道造影
excretory duct導管
exocrine gland外分泌腺
external biliary fistula外胆汁瘻
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)体外衝撃波結石破砕術(ESWL)
extrahepatic bile duct肝外胆管
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f
facial pallor顔面蒼白
familial polyposis coli家族性大腸ポリポーシス症候群
fatty degeneration脂肪変性
feces (stool)糞便
fibroma線維腫
fissure of anus (anal fissure)裂肛、痔裂
fistula瘻孔
fistula ani痔瘻
flapping tremorはばたき振戦
flatus放屁
food poisoning食中毒
free air遊離ガス
fulminant hepatitis劇症肝炎
fundus (fornix)胃底部(穹窿部)
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g
gallbladder (Vesica fellea, Vesica biliaris)胆嚢
gallbladder torsion (volvulus of gallbladder)胆嚢捻転
gallstone (biliary stone, biliary calculus)胆石
gastric cancer胃癌
gastric juice secretion胃液分泌
gastric ulcer (ulcer of stomach)胃潰瘍
gastroduodenal ulcer胃十二指腸潰瘍
gastroesophageal junction食道胃接合部
gastroesophageal reflux胃食道逆流
gastrointestinal胃腸の
gastrojejunostomy胃空腸吻合術
gastroptosis胃下垂
glucose tolerance耐糖性
graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)移植片対宿主病
gram-negative bacilliグラム陰性桿菌
greater curvature大彎
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h
hamartoma過誤腫
heartburn胸やけ
Helicobacter pyloriヘリコバクターピロリ
hemangioma血管腫
hematemesis吐血
hematochezia血便
hematuria血尿
hemorrhoid痔核
hepatectomy (hepatic resection)肝切除術
hepatic artery肝動脈
hepatic coma肝性昏睡
hepatic encephalopathy肝性脳症
hepatic failure肝不全
hepatic fibrosis肝線維化
hepatic hemangioma肝血管腫
hepatic lobe肝葉
hepatic regeneration肝再生
hepatic segmentation肝区域
hepatic transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)肝動脈塞栓療法
hepatic trauma肝外傷
hepatitis肝炎
hepatitis AA型肝炎
hepatoblastoma肝芽腫
hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cell carcinoma)肝細胞癌
hepatocyte肝細胞
hepatomegaly肝腫大
hepatorenal syndrome肝腎症候群
hepatotoxin肝臓毒
high pressure zone of upper esophagus (upper esophageal high pressure zone)上部食道高圧帯
Hydrops vesicae fellae (hydrops of gallbladder)胆嚢水腫
hyperalimentation高カロリー栄養法
hyperplastic polyp過形成性ポリープ
hypertrophic pyloric stenosis肥厚性幽門狭窄
hypochondrium季肋部
hypotonic duodenography低緊張性十二指腸造影[法]
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i
idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH)特発性門脈圧亢進症
ileum回腸
ileus (intestinal obstruction)腸閉塞[症]
immunotherapy免疫療法
incontinence失禁
inferior mesenteric artery下腸間膜動脈
inflammatory polyp炎症性ポリープ
intraductal [papillary] tumor of the pancreas膵管内[乳頭]腫瘍
intraductal pressure of the pancreas膵管内圧
intrahepatic bile duct肝内胆管
intrahepatic bile duct cancer肝内胆管癌
intrahepatic gallstone[s] (hepatolithiasis, intrahepatic calculus (calculi))肝内結石[症]
intraperitoneal abscess of abdomen (abdominal abscess)腹腔内膿瘍
intussusception腸重積
irradiation pain放散痛
irritable bowel syndrome (irritable colon syndrome)過敏性腸症候群
irritable colon刺激性結腸
j
jaundice (icterus)黄疸
jejunum空腸
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k
ketone bodyケトン体
ketone groupケトン基
l
lamina muscularis mucosae粘膜筋板
laparoscope (peritoneoscope)腹腔鏡
laparoscopic cholecystectomy (lapcholy)腹腔鏡下胆嚢摘出術
laparoscopic surgery腹腔鏡下手術
laparotomy開腹術
larynx喉頭
lavage洗浄
leiomyoma平滑筋腫
leiomyosarcoma of stomach胃平滑筋肉腫
lesser omentum小網
Ligamentum falciforme hepatis (falciform ligament)肝鎌状靭帯
Ligamentum hepatoduodenale (hepatoduodenal ligament)肝十二指腸間膜
Ligamentum teres hepatis (round ligament)肝円靭帯
lipoma脂肪腫
liver cell adenoma肝細胞腺腫
liver abscess肝膿瘍
liver cirrhosis肝硬変
liver metastasis肝転移
liver parenchyma肝実質
liver transplantation肝移植
longitudinal muscle縦走筋
lower digestive tract下部消化管
lymphomaリンパ腫
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m
magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)磁気共鳴胆道膵管造影(撮影)[法]
main pancreatic duct主膵管
malabsorption of fat脂肪吸収障害
maldigestion消化不良
malnutrition栄養不良
mediastinum縦隔
megacolon巨大結腸
melena黒色便
mesenterium腸間膜
metallic sound金属音
metastatic liver cancer転移性肝癌
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus enterocolitisMRSA腸炎
moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma中分化腺癌
mucinous carcinoma粘液癌
mucosal epithelium粘膜上皮
mucosal layer粘膜層
multiple endocrine neoplasia多発性内分泌腫
muscle guarding筋性防御
muscular defence (defense musculaire)筋性防御
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n
necrosectomy壊死部切除術
nervous diarrhea神経性下痢
nesidioblastosis膵島細胞症
neurinoma神経腫
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)非ステロイド消炎酵素剤
nuclear shift to the left核の左方移動
nutritional disorder栄養障害
o
obesity肥満
obstructive jaundice閉塞性黄疸
omental bursa盲嚢
omentum大網
oncogene癌遺伝子
onset発症
opportunistic infection日和見感染
oral bile acid litholysis (oral bile acid dissolution therapy, oral bile acid cholelitholytic therapy, oral dissolution therapy, bile acid dissolution therapy)経口胆石溶解療法
osteomyelitis骨髄炎
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p
pancreas transplantation膵移植
pancreatectomy膵切除術
pancreatic calcification膵石灰化
pancreatic cyst (cyst of pancreas)膵嚢胞
pancreatic duct cell carcinoma膵管癌
pancreatic functioning diagnostant (PFD) test (BT-PABA test, bentiromide test)PFD試験=BT-PABA試験、ベンチロミド試験
pancreatic juice膵液
pancreatic pleural effusion膵性胸水
pancreaticobiliary maljunction (anomalous arrangement of pancreaticobiliary ductal system)膵胆管合流異常
pancreaticoduodenectomy (pancreatoduodenectomy)膵頭十二指腸切除術
pancreaticogastrostomy膵胃吻合術
pancreatitis膵炎
pancreatobiliary maljunction膵胆管合流異常
pancreatolithiasis (pancreatic lithiasis)膵石症
papillary adenocarcinoma乳頭腺癌
papillotomy乳頭切開術
parasite寄生虫
percutaneous drainage経皮的ドレナージ
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PFG)経皮経内視鏡的胃瘻造設術
percutaneous ethanol infusion therapy (PEIT, PEI)経皮的エタノール注入療法
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD)経皮経肝胆道ドレナージ
percutaneous transhepatic obliteration (PTO)経皮経肝的塞栓術
perforation穿孔
perforation of duodenum十二指腸穿孔
perforation of the gallbladder胆嚢穿孔
perforation of the stomach胃穿孔
perinephric abscess腎周囲膿瘍
perineum会陰
peripapillary carcinoma (periampullary carcinoma, cancer of periampulla, carcinoma of the papilla of Vater)乳頭部癌(十二指腸乳頭部癌、ファータ乳頭部癌)
peristalsis蠕動
peritoneal cavity腹膜腔
peritoneal irritation, symptoms of腹膜刺激症状
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peritonitis腹膜炎
pharynx咽頭
pigment gallstone色素胆石
pigmentation色素沈着
plain abdominal radiography腹部単純X線検査
plasma exchange血漿交換
pleural effusion胸水
polypポリープ
poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma低分化腺癌
portal hypertension門脈圧亢進[症]
portal vein門脈
postcholecystectomy syndrome胆嚢摘出後症候群(胆嚢摘出後困難症、胆嚢摘除後症候群)
primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)原発性胆汁性肝硬変
primary liver cancer原発性肝癌
primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)原発性硬化性胆管炎
proper mucosal layer (lamina propria mucosae)粘膜固有層
proper muscular layer固有筋層
proper muscular layer of esophagus食道固有筋層
protein-losing gastroenteropathy蛋白漏出性胃腸症
proximal gastrectomy噴門側胃切除術
pseudoaneurysm仮性動脈瘤
pseudocyst仮性嚢胞
pyloric (antral) zone幽門部(前庭部)
pyloroplasty幽門形成術
pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (pancreatic duodenectomy)幽門輪温存膵頭十二指腸切除術
pyogenic liver abscess化膿性肝膿瘍
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r
radiation therapy (radiotherapy)放射線治療
rebound tenderness反跳圧痛
reconstruction of esophagus食道再建術
rectal amputation直腸切断術
rectum直腸
referred pain関連痛
residual stone (retained stone)遺残胆石
rhabdomyoma横紋筋腫
rhabdomyosarcoma of the stomach胃横紋筋肉腫
right hemicolectomy右半結腸切除術
roundworm (ascaris)蛔虫
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s
schwannoma神経鞘腫
scleroderma (progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS))硬皮症
sclerosant (sclerosing agent)硬化剤
secretion分泌
septicemia敗血症
serosa漿膜
sexual transmitted disease (STD)性病
short bowel syndrome短腸症候群
signet ring cell carcinoma印環細胞癌
sinusoid類洞
small intestine小腸
spasm of the esophagus食道痙攣
sphincter of Oddi (SO)オッジ括約筋(オッジ筋)
splanchnic nerve内臓神経
splanchnic plexus内臓神経叢
splenectomy脾摘術
splenomegaly脾腫
spontaneous esophageal rupture (Boerrhaave syndrome)特発性食道破裂(ブールハーブ症候群)
squamous cell carcinoma扁平上皮癌
steatorrhea (fatty diarrhea)脂肪便(脂肪性下痢)
stomaストーマ
stomach resection (gastrectomy)胃切除術
stomal ulcer (anastomotic ulcer)吻合部潰瘍
subacute bacterial endocarditis亜急性細菌性心内膜炎
subacute hepatic necrosis亜急性肝壊死
submucosal layer粘膜下層
superficial gastritis表層性胃炎
superior mesenteric artery syndrome (arteriomesenteric occlusion of duodenum)上腸間膜動脈症候群
suppository坐薬
swallowing嚥下運動
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t
tachycardia頻脈
tarry stoolタール便
tenesmus裏急後重
tenia of colon (tenia coli)結腸ひも
teratoma奇形腫
thoracic duct (Ductus thoracicus)胸管
tongue
tonsilla扁桃
torsion of stomach胃捻転
total gastrectomy胃全摘術
transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS)経皮的肝内肝静脈門脈瘻形成術
trans-thoraco-abdominal-esophagectomy開胸開腹食道切除術
tube feeding経管栄養
tubular adenocarcinoma管状腺癌
tumor marker腫瘍マーカー
tumor suppressor gene癌抑制遺伝子
u
ulcerative colitis潰瘍性大腸炎
uncinate process of pancreas膵鉤部
undifferentiated carcinoma未分化癌
unstained area of iodine stainingヨード不染帯
v
vagal nerve迷走神経
vagal stimulation of pylorus迷走神経幽門刺激
vagotomy迷走神経切離術
virtual colonoscopy仮想結腸鏡検査[法]、バーチャル結腸鏡検査[法]
visceral inversion内臓逆位[症]
volvulus軸捻転
w
watery diarrhea-hypokalemia-achlorhydria syndrome (WDHA syndrome)WDHA症候群
well differentiated adenocarcinoma高分化腺癌
white bile白色胆汁
whitish stool (acholic stool)灰白色便(無胆汁便)
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